How can EU policy be improved for endangered species conservation on Romanian farmlands?


Low intensity farming practices provide valuable habitats for native wildlife to exist in regions dominated by and with long histories of farming. This land is known as high nature value (HNV) farmland which protects biodiversity and cultural values through traditional practices. Species such as the Colias myrmidonebutterfly survive in this region despite being largely extinct in large portions of their historic range. Therefore, parts of the landscape were recently designated as Natura 2000 areas by the EU to conserve this HNV farmland and tackle major threats such as landscape intensification and abandonment. Loos et al. (2021) sought to emphasise the importance of this farmland in Romania for an endangered butterfly species and assess EU agricultural and environmental policies there.

The authors considered the historical context, economic and biophysical factors that had maintained traditional subsistence and semi-subsistence agriculture in Eastern Europe compared to other EU nations. Yet also drew attention…

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