How can nature-based solutions foster transformative change? Assessing the potential for change in mountain environments.

SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABILITY

In order to meet global sustainability targets, it is becoming increasingly obvious that profound and fundamental changes are needed. This transformative change is necessary to meet biodiversity targets, therefore a reframing of social-ecological relationships could be useful, especially by considering nature-based solutions to sustainability problems. Nature-based solutions could influence science and policy, and foster transformative change for sustainability outcomes. Therefore Palomo et al. (2021) sought to fill this research gap and create a framework linking these concepts.

Researchers taking part in the TRANSMOUNT workshop. (Photographed by Ignacio Palomo, 2021)

The authors produced a framework to determine which elements of nature-based solutions could enable transformative change, how it could occur and what the outcomes might be. Palomo et al. (2021) assessed nature-based solutions in mountain regions to exemplify the functionality of this framework, due to mountain ecosystems being highly vulnerable to climate change and supplying key services to upland and lowland…

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