People On the Move: Migration as An Adaptation to Climate Change 

SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABILITY

Worldwide, people leave their homes, hoping to improve their living conditions by moving to mostly urban areas. While economic opportunities play a central role in migration flows, push factors such as climate change are projected to intensify current migration trends. In a recently published commentary, Adger et al. (2020) examine migration as a potentially effective adaptation to a changing climate. They call for the development of institutions and policies within and across countries to effectively address the challenges and costs of climate-related migration and facilitate better adaptation to climate change

The majority of migration flows involve people moving within their own countries, most often from non-urban to urban areas. While many people migrate by choice, some groups are forced to change locations to ensure their survival. Such involuntary migration is oftentimes a result of conflict or acute environmental catastrophes and has been steadily increasing: globally, almost 24 million people have…

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