Exploring the Health of the Earth: Living Planet Report 2020

SCIENCE FOR SUSTAINABILITY

Biodiversity is fundamental to human life on Earth. Yet, it is being destroyed by us at a rate unprecedented in history. The biennially published Living Planet Report constitutes the world’s leading scientific analysis of the state of the planet: it documents developments and trends in biodiversity, ecosystems, and human demand of natural resources and their effects on people and wildlife. In other words, the report synthesizes a variety of research to provide a comprehensive view of the health of the Earth. 

The Living Planet Report is based on the Living Planet Index which tracks the abundance of almost 21,000 populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians around the world. Trends in species populations can act as a measure of overall ecosystem health: serious declines are a proxy for the unravelling of nature. While land-use change has been the most important direct driver of terrestrial biodiversity loss in the last…

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